What is a Domain Name?
A domain name or domain is a user friendly label which identifies an Internet site. For example, findbestwebhosting.com is a domain name. Domain Names always have 2 or more parts, separated by dots. The part on the left is the most specific, and the part on the right is the most general. The right-most label in a domain name after dot is referred to as its “top–level domain” (TLD). For example, in “findbestwebhosting.com” the “.com” part is called the top level domain (TLD).
The following are some popular TLDs that you might find on the Internet:
- .com: commercial
- .org: non-profit organization
- .gov: government
- .net: network resources
- .edu: education
Domain Name and IP address
Domain names are for humans. Computers and other network devices on the Internet use an Internet Protocol (IP). IP address is a unique string of numbers separated by full stops address like 18.104.22.168. Domain names are basically easy-to-remember shortcuts to numeric IP addresses.
Domain Name into IP address
Internet is based on IP addresses. When you enter that pretty domain name, the browser needs to know the numerical IP addresses. There is something called DNS (Domain Name System) which translates domain names to the numerical IP addresses. When you enter that pretty domain name, the browser will search through the DNS system and find the exact IP address of the corresponding website.
When you register a domain name, your registrar will usually automatically enter related DNS records. There are many different types of DNS records, but most of these record types aren’t commonly used. So let us focus on record types you will use:
- A (address) Maps a host name to an IP address.
- NS (name server) To make your website visible on the Internet, you need to point your domain name to your hosting account using nameservers.
Register/Purchase a Domain Name
How to Point a Domain Name to Your Website
After registering a domain name and signing up with a web host, you need to point your domain name to your hosting account. This include 2 steps:
- Get Your Web Host’s Name Servers
The name servers information will be there in the email sent to you by your host When you first signed up with them. If you can not find it, contact your web host and ask them for the “DNS servers” or “name servers” to use for your domain.
- Log into your domain registrar and set name server
- How to Change name servers via 1and1.com
- How To Change Name Servers (DNS) for GoDaddy
- Changing name servers at Register.com
- How to Change name servers via Dotster.com
- How to change the name servers on a Yahoo Domain
- How to change DNS name server settings in Network Solutions?
- How to Change your Nameservers on an Enom Account