ASP.NET Core or ASP.NET MVC frameworks basically make use of the model-view-controller (MVC) architecture consisting of 3 main components, respectively Model, View and Controller. Before we explain the different development approaches for .net developers, we need to have a look at these 3 main components.
- Model: Models basically represent the application state ruled by the business logic. The encapsulated business logic actually work for retrieving the state to situate it back to the data store. The business logic of the model is also responsible for modifying the application state as and when required.
- Controller: Controller is there to respond to the user requests. It actually detect and map the request embedded in the models with the business logic. The responsibility of the controller also lies in choosing the correct view for the purpose of presenting the data to the user and then pass the data back to the model.
- Views: View component is ultimately responsible to make a web page available to the user. For not cluttering the view with too much logic, the controller can also pass on a specialised view that works much like a wrapper for the model data.
In the MVC pattern this is how different building blocks can interact to build and render the web app encompassing different interaction rules. If you like to develop faster backend using .NET, the MVC architectural pattern which is used widely has the most performance driving role to play. MVC pattern makes perfect sense for the stateless model of web based HTTP protocol.
ASP.NET Core is the latest, modern and most equipped one among the two frameworks we mentioned. It is capable to run on Windows, Linux, and macOS. It came as the ideal framework for building new web applications with a rich set of features and functionalities.
The developers can also create a new ASP.Net Core project in Visual Studio 2019 with the help of ASP.NET Core Web Application template. In the Visual Studio, each of the building blocks can be contained within its respective folder. For example, controller classes are deposited into the folder for controllers and the same goes for Views and Models.
Highly Extensible Nature of ASP.NET Core Applications
In this regard, we must draw attention to a positive aspect of ASP.Net core applications. The ASP.Net core applications are highly extensible in character. Each of the incoming requests are subject to processing by a series of components. Each component after fulfilling their respective roles can pass the request to the next component while getting a response in reply.
These components called middleware being part of the offer framework offer all standard web app features such as authentication, routing, exception handling, serving static files, HTTPS redirection, configuration, etc. By using the framework developers can build additional middleware as well.
ASP.NET MVC Framework
ASP.NET MVC is the earlier framework which existed prior to the ASP.NET Core.
Running on top of the .NET framework it doesn’t get any active support anymore. Any web application built with this framework needs to be hosted in IIS on Windows. ASP.NET MVC is no longer recommended for building new web applications.
Having the similar core folder system this framework looks much similar to the latest ASP.NET Core. The only major difference lies in the availability of a single inbuilt support for dependency injection with no scope for ready implementation.
Single-Page Application (SPA) Architecture
ASP.NET Core and ASP.NET Web API
ASP.NET Core Web Application template can be used for other projects as well. For example, it can be used for creating a new project in Visual Studio 2019. If you are a Visual Studio user, creating a new project by using a web application template of ASP.Net Core just requires using simple commands from the command line.
As for the web API applications, there will be some differences in regard to the role of the classes. The controller classes will have bigger responsibility to handle the incoming requests and for that, they can utilise the business logic from the model classes. The only major difference in this regard will be corresponding to the View component. Here the action methods are able to return view models in a properly numbered JSON format.
ASP.NET Core SPA Templates
ASP.Net is preferred by many developers for developing single-page applications consisting of two parts, respectively, the REST files and the static files for rendering client-side application. Hosting and developing each one of them entirely depends on your discretion. To make things simple, you can also use some ASP.NET Core templates that can work with Angular and React to integrate two separate parts within one Single Page Application (SPA) development single project.
ASP.Net Core FAQ
What is ASP.NET Core?
ASP.NET Core is the latest, modern and most equipped framework from microsoft. It is capable to run on Windows, Linux, and macOS. It came as the ideal framework for building new web applications with a rich set of features and functionalities. Developers can create a new ASP.Net Core project in Visual Studio 2019 with the help of ASP.NET Core Web Application template.
What is ASP NET MVC core?
ASP.NET Core MVC framework, an open source initiative from microsoft, is a lightweight framework intended for use with ASP.NET Core. ASP.NET Core MVC provides a way to build dynamic websites that enables a clean separation of layers.
What is the Difference between ASP.NET Core and ASP.NET Framework?
ASP.NET Framework supports Windows as well as Web apps. And ASP.NET MVC is utilised to create Web apps in ASP.NET Framework. ASP.NET Framework lets you utilize Windows Forms, UWP, and WPF to create Windows desktop appss as well as server-based apps. Whereas ASP.NET Core is the latest, modern and most equipped framework from microsoft. It is capable to run on Windows, Linux, and macOS. ASP.NET Core supports UWP and ASP.NET Core only and can be used to create web appls only(no desktop apps)
What is difference between MVC and ASP NET core?
ASP.NET Core is lean, kightweight framework for building web apps as well as cloud apps and is completely open source. Whereas, MVC framwork provides a plateform to create Web apps and a Web Api using MVC(Model-View-Controller) pattern.
Author Bio: Atman Rathod is the Co-founder at CMARIX TechnoLabs Pvt. Ltd., a leading ASP.Net development company with 13+ years of experience. He loves to write about technology, startups, entrepreneurship and business. His creative abilities, academic track record and leadership skills made him one of the key industry influencers as well.